TANZANIA

Tanzania is a country which is located from the East of Rwanda and It has some of the best touristic attractions which attract tourists to come to visit them and get a memorable experience in life-time.

*SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK:

Serengeti National Park, in northern Tanzania, is known for its massive annual migration of wildebeest and zebra.
Seeking new pasture, the herds move north from their breeding grounds in the grassy southern plains. Many cross the marshy western corridor’s crocodile-infested Grumeti River.
Others veer northeast to the Lobo Hills, home to black eagles. Black rhinos inhabit the granite outcrops of the Moru Kopjes.
What to See / Attractions In Serengeti Safari Park:
Serengeti national park is well endowed with multiplicities of what to see and what to do during Serengeti safari they range from wildlife done in game drives, birding safaris, masai cultural encounter, wildebeest migration, sites, olduvai gorge, moru kopjes, hippo pools and so many more.
There are many attractions you can see during Serengeti Safari which include the following:

THE WILDLIFE – SERENGETI SAFARI:

Serengeti national park is a park that is well endowed by mother nature and it major attraction is the wildlife. One of the major attractions in Serengeti National Park are the large mammals.
Serengeti National Park perhaps habits the highest concentration of large mammals in the world, chances are you will most likely to spots giraffes, elephants, hippos, lions, wildebeests, zebras, antelopes and so much more.
BIRD SPECIES
The 500 and more species of birds that call this place home are another sight to behold. Serengeti Safari in Tanzania not only caters for the animal lover but also the twitcher with species like the secretary bird, ostriches, flamingos, eagles and so much more.
Such bird species are also part of the major activities you can enjoy during Serengeti Safari.

THE WILDEBEEST MIGRATION:

The wildebeest migration has been described in so many ways by so many people but above all it is one of the 7 wonders of the world.
This yearly journey of over 1 million wildebeests, zebras and other animal can only be a great experience during Serengeti Safari tour and maybe its extension the Masai Mara National park in Kenya.
As these animals trek for miles in search of greener pastures, and fresher water, there is no better attraction than this.
The wild beast migration has been one of the major Activity to do during Serengeti Safari as many travelers have been seen flocking the park to catch a glimpse of this migration.
MAASAI MARA PEOPLE

Serengeti Safari park Tanzania is not only home to a long list of animal s and birds but it is also home to the Masai Mara people whose tribe and traditional practices have barely been touched just like the park itself.
These people still carry out all their rituals, and practices which makes them an exciting and authentic attraction to look forward to while in Serengeti National Park.
OLDUVAI GORGE
The Olduvai gorge is another attraction that is significant and is located in the Serengeti national park.
The Olduvai gorge is where the oldest remains of early man were dug from about a million years ago by Dr Louis leaky the famous East Africa archaeologist, this discovery changed the understanding of the evolution of man.
MORU KOPJES
The moru Kopjes scattered around the Serengeti safari park are a perfect place to catch the black rhinos. These protruding rocks around the park offer shade and disguise for the many animals and predators.
RETINA HIPPO POOL
The retina hippo pool where you will find large schools hippos dipping in this pool. They are so many that ever so often fights break up.
GRUMETI RIVER
The Grumeti river is a popular attraction especially during the wildebeest migration, the site is spectacular as millions of beasts try to cross the river to Masai Mara the river is infested by many crocodiles and it is survival for the fittest as the animals try to make it across.
Sometimes it is all peaceful and calm as animals just take a sip of water from the banks. It is a spectacular attraction.
SERONERA RIVER VALLEY
The Seronera River Valley is another attraction that provides postcard perfect views of the Serengeti safari park. The whole region, surrounding the river, is overflowing with unique flora and fauna.
This valley is a summary of the entire Serengeti Safari park- there are the rivers, the gorges, the mountains, and the animals.
SCENERY
Serengeti’s scenery is renowned for its grassland plains in the southeast. The northern part is more hilly and rocky. To the west, valleys, rivers and forest can be found.
Several areas in the Serengeti safari park are dotted with ‘koppies’, granite outcrops rising up from the plains. It’s an immense landscape and quite stunning – big sky country that feels like untamed wilderness.
WEATHER & CLIMATE
Conditions in the Serengeti are rarely taxing in the daytime during the Dry season (June to October), when the temperature stays nice and warm.
It’s a different story at night, when the mercury can take a deep dive. The heat creeps up a few degrees during the Wet season (November to May), though the odd cold front can introduce a chill.
BEST TIME TO VISIT
Overall, wildlife watchers are better off timing their trip to coincide with the drier months (June to October). Aim for June and July if you can, as the incredible wildebeest migration usually tramples the plains at this time.
If you’re keen on seeing predators in action, visit in late January or February. This is the hiatus in the annual rains, when the wildebeests calve.

*NGORONGORO CRATER AREA:

Ngorongoro Conservation Area is in northern Tanzania. It’s home to the vast, volcanic Ngorongoro Crater and “big 5” game (elephant, lion, leopard, buffalo, rhino).
Huge herds of wildebeests and zebras traverse its plains during their annual migration. Livestock belonging to the semi-nomadic Maasai tribe graze alongside wild animals. Hominin fossils found in the Olduvai Gorge date back millions of years.
Also Ngorongoro Conservation Area, national conservation area in the Arusha region of northern Tanzania, southeast of Serengeti National Park.
Occupying some 3,200 square miles (8,300 square km), it extends over part of the Eastern (Great) Rift Valley of eastern Africa and contains a variety of habitats and landscapes,
Including grassland plains, savanna woodlands, forests, mountains, volcanic craters, lakes, rivers, and swampland. Ngorongoro Conservation area, one of the world’s largest unbroken calderas, is the most prominent feature of the park.
Also located there are the major archaeological sites of Olduvai Gorge and Laetolil, within which were found hominin remains dating from 2.1 million and 3.6 million years ago, respectively.
The Ngorongoro Conservation area in Northern Tanzania, once a gigantic volcano, is the largest intact caldera in the world. Some maintain that before it erupted, it would have been higher than Mt Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa.
Today, long since having collapsed and eroded, it is an extensive highland area with the famous 600 m deep Ngorongoro Conservation area as its focal point. Nearly three million years old, the ancient caldera shelters one of the most beautiful wildlife havens on earth.

TOURISTS ATTRACTIONS AROUND NGORONGORO CONSERVATIONS AREA
1. Lake Magadi:

There are so many memorable places to visit on nature vacation in Tanzania. Within the Ngorongoro Conservation area itself, Lake Magadi, shallow, azure blue, fiercely alkaline from sodium carbonate, is fringed by hundreds of long-legged pink flamingos.
Most are lesser flamingos, distinguished by their dark red bills, which eat blue-green spirulina algae. But there are also many greater flamingos with black-tipped pink bills, slightly bent to facilitate sifting shellfish from the rich bottom mud.
The lake shrinks noticeably in the dry season, leaving thick, crystalline salt pans used as licks by jackals, hyena and other animals to supplement their diet.
Outside the Ngorongoro Conservation area (view map), but still within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, are many other regions well worth visiting on your Shalom Safaris tour of Tanzania.

2. Lerai Fever Tree Forest:

The Lerai Fever Tree Forest, which consists of tall, slim yellow barked acacias forming an airy, lace-canopied wonderland of glades, is much frequented by elephant, rhino, eland, bushbuck, hyrax, and hundreds of birds.
These foliage are the preferred food of the rare, black rhinoceros, but the old forest is regenerating slowly, because of damage by elephants, which tear off whole branches rather than merely grazing.
However, seedlings are spreading through the Gorigor Swamps, home to hippopotamus and wading birds, and favored drinking place of thousands of ungulates during the dry season.
A younger Fever Tree forest is now forming new groves at the base of the Ngoitokitok Springs, home ground of the famous Tokitok pride of lions, film and television personalities in their own right.

3. Olduvai Gorge and Laetoli:
Lake Ndutu and Lake Masek are also on the migratory route in the Rift Valley, not far from Olduvai Gorge, where the ancestors of mankind began the journey towards civilization, with the fabrication of the earliest tools and the building of the first human settlements.
At Laetoli, hominid footprints of our genetic ancestors and their relatives, have been found in sedimentary rock of 3.7 million years old.
No Tanzanian safari would be complete without a guided tour of the excavations and modest paleoanthropological museum at Olduvai where you can also see evolutionary fossils.
But we are their descendants, and in making our mother tour of Africa, we are returning to our ancestral home.

4. Shifting Sands:
Ash from Ol Dionyo has formed Shifting Sands – a black dune of moving sand hundred meters in length, and nine meters high, which ingeniously moves slowly across the plains at a rate of 15 meters every year.

5. Olmoti Crater and Empakaai Crater:

Your Ngorongoro conservation area safari with Shalom Safaris holds endless riveting possibilities. You can take gentle, guided walks to two other nearby craters.
Olmoti Crater is a shallow, grassy hollow, very quiet and lovely, where Maasai pasture their cattle alongside eland, bushbuck, reedbuck and an occasional buffalo.
From the south wall of the caldera, the Munge stream forms a delightful waterfall, plunging several hundred meters into the Ngorongoro conservation area to feed Lake Magadi. Empakaai Crater is half-filled by an unusually deep soda lake.
From the rim, you can look across an exhilarating panorama of volcanic craters and depressions towards Ol Doinyo Legai, the Great African Rift Valley, and even, in super clear weather, snows on the distant Uhuru peak of Kilimanjaro.
You can walk for many kilometers around the lushly forested green bowl, frequented by blue monkeys, brilliantly colored sunbirds and red-crested turaco.

6. Gol Mountains:

To the northeastern zone, the primeval Gol Mountains provide a surreal wilderness environment of stark, pink cliffs, enclosing the Angata Kiti pass,
a bottleneck for the annual Great Migration of hundreds of thousands of wildebeest and zebra, searching for mineral rich grasses as they return to their ancestral breeding grounds in southern Serengeti and the Ndutu wilderness.

7. Nasera Rock:

Rising 80 meters from the foot of the Gol Mountains, monolithic Nasera Rock is home to mountaineering klipspringers, baboons and varied birds. It is also the location of a Stone Age human shelter, excavated by the Leakeys.

8. Salei Plains and Ol Karien Gorge:

Ol Karien Gorge is a sheer rock-sided ravine at the end of the vast, bare Salei Plains. It is a Mecca for twitchers, because ruppel’s griffon vulture breeds there in March and April, coinciding with the passage of the Great Migration to provide plentiful food.
9. Oldeani Mountain:

To the southwest of Ngorongoro conservation area, bamboo-clad Oldeani Mountain feeds the stream that supports the Lerai Forest, whilst seasonal Lake Eyasi is a lodestone for archaeological and cultural safaris in East Africa. Paleolithic sites include Mumba cave and nearby Nasera Rock.

10.Hadzabe Tribe:

Lake Eyasi, close to Ngorongoro conservation area is still home to the Hadzabe Bushmen of East Africa who subsist entirely from the wild, communicating by clicks and whistles.
Mbulu and Datoga pastoral and farming tribes, who were ousted centuries ago from lands now occupied by the Maasai, have now settled there

11. Ol Doinyo Lengai & Lake Natron:

Further north-east near the border of Kenya, Ol Doinyo Lengai casts its conical shadow across the plains from the edge of the Great African Rift Valley escarpment.
Known to Maasai as “The Mountain of God”, it is still active, last erupting in 2007. Intrepid adventurers may climb its lava-encrusted slopes to stare down into its main crater and be perilously rewarded with sulfur fumes and occasional spurts of lava from smaller surrounding cones.
It was featured in the Lara Croft film, “Tomb Raiders II”, but has been more seriously researched and popularized by Chris Hug-Fleck and Evelyne Pradel.
Lake Natron, far below, is fed by hot, mineral springs so heavily saturated with volcanic ash from Ol Doinyo Lengai that it provides a toxic, protective moat for Africa’s largest concentration of breeding lesser and greater flamingos.
The lake itself shines like a jewel, sometimes green and blue with, sometimes blooming red with cyanobacteria and algae which provide their food.

*ZANZIBAR BEACH:

The Zanzibar archipelago consist of a group of islands with some of the most beautiful beaches in the world. Although best beaches in Zanzibar are the part of Tanzania, the it remains more independent with residents preferring to consider themselves as Zanzibaris.
Residents have their own elective leaders and governing structures. Islam is the dominant religion in the island and this is because the Arabs (under the Sultan of Oman ruled) ruled the island for centuries after conquering it from the Portuguese.
The British later took over control of the Island from the Arabs. Foreign occupation and intermarriages influenced the architecture and cultural heritage of the island.
There is a heavy mix of African (Swahili) and Arabic culture. It is also important to note that because of the heavy Islamic influences, residents of the island are more conservative and down to earth than in mainland Tanzania.
There are several places to visit and things to do while in Zanzibar including to visit the best beaches in Zanzibar. The Islands are an excellent hideout for tourists who desire a serene and quiet place to explore the Indian ocean and all that it has to offer.
Zanzibar offers amazing best beaches in zanzibar, a great nightlife, restaurants and many other fun activities. This article is very comprehensive and will cover most of the key attractions and things which make best beaches in Zanzibar such and amazing attractions worth a visit.
TOP ATTRACTIONS IN ZANZIBAR – ACTIVITIES AND THINGS TO DO IN STONE TOWN – BEST BEACHES IN ZANZIBAR:

 Visit the Local markets in Stone Town: While at Stone Town, you can visit the Darajani market and see how people make ends meet or go shopping for fruits, giant see fish, meat and vegetables.
You can join in the fish auctioning where fish dealers put a price for the largest catch. Taking part in the fish auction is exciting as it allows you to mingle with the locals and get a chance to see rare and giant ocean creatures.
If you have some spare change, you can take part in the auction. You could put on a price on one of the largest fish and donate it to the female fish dealers with less money.
While at the market, you can order for fresh fish and have it fried or grilled to be served with potato chips.
 Visit the Livingstone House: This building is also found in Stone Town Zanzibar. It was built by Sultan Sais Majis in 1860. It later served as the headquarters of explorers and missionaries who had come for specific missions in East Africa.
One of the explorers was the famous Dr. David Livingstone. Livingstone stayed in the building before starting his expedition to the East African mainland. The British bought the house in 1947 but now houses government tourist offices.
 Visit Religious Establishments: Although Islam is the dominant religion in the island, Zanzibar also has residents who are Christian or Hindu. Stone Town has Hindu temples, Christian Cathedrals and several mosques.
The Shakti Temple for example stands out for its unique architecture while the Malindi mosque is the oldest in the island with a rare but simple design.
Christians can visit the Anglican Cathedral which was built in the 19th century. The cathedral is close to one of the largest slave markets in Stone town and is worth a visit.
 Prison Island: Prison Island, also known as Changuu Island was left untouched until it was inhabited by the Arabs in the 1860’s. The island was used as a temporary shelter for slaves who were considered rebellious or with potential to lead revolts.
The slaves were kept there before being sold abroad. The Island was also used to quarantine those who got sick during yellow fever epidemics.
When Zanzibar became a British protectorate, the Island was bought from the Arabs and a real prison was built. The prison was never used on completion and has now been turned into a beautiful resort.
 More about the Island’s slave History: If you are interested in learning about the islands role in the slave trade, you can hire a local Guide to take you to the old slave market, slave caves and champs.
The Mangapwani Slave Chambers is arguably a better place to go to if you want to learn about the horrors of slavery and the role of Zanzibar in the trade.
Most of the slaves from the mainland and other parts of East African where brought to Zanzibar before being taken for forced labor in different parts of the world.
The Mangapwani Slave Chambers are found 12 miles away from Stone Town. The Chambers were built underground and was used to hide slaves even after slavery was abolished.
You can end your fact finding mission by going for a swim at the former slave port.
 Visit the Seaweed Centre: The seaweed Centre is managed by a group of women in Zanzibar who lives around the Best beaches in Zanzibar. The women have taken advantage of the abundant seaweed at the ocean shores to make products like smoothies, juices, organic soap and oils.
During your visit to the Centre, you will meet the women and learn how they make their products. You will be offered an opportunity to taste a seaweed smoothie and find out how it is like.
There are many ways in which you can support the women at the Zanzibar Seaweed Centre. The easiest way is to buy some of their products.
 Go on a Sunset Dhow Cruise: Hire one of the dhows (wooden boats) and head to the ocean as you watch the town/Island disappear from the horizon.
Most of the dhows ensure that there are enough supplies for the day including delicious snacks, sea food (grilled fish, lobsters, octopus and calamari) and drinks to keep everyone excited and happy.
A Dhow cruise will allow you appreciate the sheer beauty of the Indian ocean, and usually starts from the main Island all the way to Kwale Island and Fishing villages like Fumba.
Once you reach these islands or fishing villages, you can go ashore and explore the area or climb old baobab trees. During the cruise, you may spot dolphins, swim along the beautiful green lagoons, fish or snorkel along the coral reefs and mangroves.
 Quad Biking: There is no better way to experience all that is beautiful about Zanzibar than to take a Quad bike from one of the islands and into the interior and doing it around the best beaches in zanzibar.
With a Quad bike, you can ride through the sugar cane and pineapple plantations, rice field, villages on the island, coconut plantations fruit and spice fields.
 Snorkeling, windsurfing, Parasailing and Scuba Diving: There are several water sports that one can choose to take part in while at the best beaches in Zanzibar.
The parasailing experience is one example of a fun sport that will take your breath away as you discover beautiful aerial views of the island and its other hidden spots.
Parasailing can be done alone, with friends, as a family or with your hubby. Apart from parasailing, the clear waters and coral reefs provide excellent opportunities for Scuba diving and Snorkeling.
The best beaches in Zanzibar are Kendwa Beach, Matemwe Beach, Nakupenda Beach, Nungwi Beach and Paje Beach.
The Pange Sandbank is arguably the best part of the ocean for snorkeling (especially for beginners). The waters at the Sandbank are calmer and shallower.
 Take a dalla dala or boda (Scooter): Dalla dalas are cheap minibus taxes which operate within the islands. They have no specific stage and will stop whenever they see a potential passenger.
Dala Dalas are identified by their destination name and unique registration numbers. They are always packed with passengers and willing to take in more. The local people can help you identify which one is going where.
The advantage of using dala dalas as a means of transport is that it allows you to mingle with the island residents and have a truly unique experience. The dala dala drivers charge about $2 for long trips and even less for shorter stops.
 Visit the Cheetah’s Rock: For those who love wildlife and animals in general, this is a place you must go to while in Zanzibar. The facility has got Cheetahs, lions, zebras and many of Africa’s famous wildlife.
The facility allows visitors to get a taste of what to expect while visiting Tanzania’s amazing wildlife reserves. While at the Centre, the Guide will share information about the animals as you interact and feed them.
The facility opens on Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday (between 2 and 6pm) and is located in a place called Kama.
 Experience the Full Moon Party at Kendwa Rocks: The full moon party is a monthly beach party organized by resorts (mostly in the northern part like Kendwa) in Zanzibar. The Island of Kendwa has its fair share of beautiful, broad, shallow and sandy beaches with clear waters.
The full moon party brings together tourists, locals and other revelers for a night of great fun and partying. Expect colorful fireworks, acrobatics, drumming, dance, noise, food and great partying.
A main stage is set up on the beach as well as tables, chairs and mobile bars to be used by the revelers. If you happen to be part of the celebration expect to be entertained by some of the best local DJ’s, musicians, acrobats and fire-eaters.
The full moon party was introduced all the way from Finland. The main difference is that it carried out in great tropical climate surrounded by the great Indian ocean.
The Full Moon party is so popular that residents travel all the way from Dar es Salaam and other parts of Tanzania just to enjoy one night of fun.
 Take Tea or visit one of the Coffee Shops: For the best tea, coffee and inter-continental food, you should consider visiting the luxury Tea House in Stone Town. Tea House is a rooftop restaurant.
The facility is set up with comfortable chairs, tables and painted walls. Customer service and food is excellent because of the class of customers who visit it.
Reservations need to be made in advance online or through a friend physically because it is a very popular place.
Apart from tea and coffee, you can also order for espresso meringue dessert, massaman goat curry, crab cakes and saffron chillies.
Biking along the ocean shores and the Ngezi Forest in Pemba Island: One of the best ways to explore the different islands with the best beaches in Zanzibar and the city of stone town is to use a good mountain bike.
Your hotel should be able to provide a bike at a small fee. With a bike, you can explore the beaches, fishing and local villages. You can take stops to swim at one of the beaches or hope between islands.
If you get tired of biking, you can simply stop a dalla dalla and jump in with your bike all the way back to your hotel. If you are considering island hopping with your bike, then you should go to Pemba.
 Visit the Nungwi Masaai Village Market and local community: The Masai Market in Nungwi village is an excellent spot for buying local souvenirs, clothes and paintings.
The street market offers an opportunity to meet the locals and strike friendly conversations about business and life in the island.
While touring the village and market, you will observe their unique dressing styles, traditional homes, bazaars, schools and playgrounds to get an idea about the kind of life lived by the island dwellers.
After visiting Nungwi Village, you could also check out the night food market for a taste of the local cuisines. These night markets crop up every evening as local chefs begin preparing roasted meat, pizza, samosas, sugar cane juice and sea food from the roadsides.
 Hangout at Jaws Corner: This is one of the favorite hangout joints for residents of Stone Town and tourists. It is built at the very center of Stone town and hence very accessible to residents.
Jaws Corner is easily identified by a large shark painting on the wall. The Jaws Corner is an excellent spot to catch up with the latest news while sampling tasty Arabica coffee.
Most of the Island dweller gather here every evening to discuss politics, get the latest gossip or have small meeting as they take tea and coffee.
 Spice Tours: Zanzibar was known as the spice island during the 19th Century. Clove farming in particular flourished in the island because of the fertile soils and tropical climate.
Later on, ginger, vanilla, cardamom, pepper, cinnamon and nutmeg were introduced for large scale growth. Growing of spices is still very popular and lucrative in the island.
It is possible for tourists to go and visit these plantations to learn about how spices are grown and the important role they play in the economy of Zanzibar.
The Kizimbani Spice Farm is one of the most visited spice plantations in Zanzibar. This plantation is found in the island of Unguja.
 Diving at the Atoll Marine Reserve: The Islands around the best beaches in Zanzibar offer some of the best diving spots along the East African coast. The Mnemba Atoll Marine Reserve offers some of the best diving sports on the island.
Diving deep into the ocean allows one to explore the coral reefs and lagoons for a chance to discover rare sea creatures like turtles, emperor fish, sting rays, giant trevally fish, moral eels and lion fish.
Several companies offer diving expeditions using boats at a coat. You can combine diving with fishing for tuna, dorado and bonito.
 Swim with Humpback Dolphins: The best place to swim with dolphins is on the small fishing village of Kizimkazi. Dolphin tours are organized using boats/dhows. Tourists board the boats and go out into the ocean in search of the dolphins.
The tours can be organized as a group or in private. Dolphin tours also offer opportunities to observe other sea creatures, large sea fish, prawns and lobsters.
 Kitesurfing and exploring the lagoons: The best beaches in Zanzibar, great weather and flat lagoons of Zanzibar allow for great Kitesurfing experiences. April, May and November have no strong winds hence offering the best Kitesurfing experiences.
The best Kitesurfing spots are found on the Eastern part of the best beaches in Zanzibar.
 Swim with Turtles: The best Turtle Aquarium in Zanzibar is the Baraka National Aquarium. Most of the turtles are brought into the facility after being caught in fishing nets. Most come to the Centre when young or injured.
They are taken care until they can be released back into the ocean. The Turtle Aquarium in Zanzibar offers visitors a chance to swim with turtles. Visitors are also allowed to visit and take photos of the totals.
 The Kuza Cave: The Kuza Caves are one of the most interesting but rarely visited tourist attractions in Zanzibar alongside teh Best beaches in Zanzibar. The caves are found in the village of Jambiani and are believed to be sacred by the communities living close to it.
There is a small well within the caves which is said to have healing power. Some of the locals and individuals from mainland Tanzania visit the caves to swim in the well and hopefully get cured of their sicknesses.
The scenery around the caves is spectacular and supports an amazing collection of birds. If birding is not your thing, you can instead go and see troops of monkeys enjoying the trees in the area.
 Track the rare Zanzibar Bush Baby: Bush babies are small and shy nocturnal primates. The sub-species found in Zanzibar are unique to the island. Bush babies resemble possums but are generally cuter.
Their cries and calls can be heard at night while resting in your room. The primates are widely spread in the island and can be seen even in hotel premises.
If your lodge/hotel has resident individuals, you could spend time locating them without having to go to the wilderness. They love bananas and this is one way of luring them from their hideouts.
THINGS TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION WHEN VISITING ZANZIBAR
Zanzibar is made up of a several islands. Pemba and Unguja are the largest but there is also Mnemba, Chumbe, Mafia, Kendwa, Nungwi, Matemwe, Michamvi, Pongwe, Bwejuu, Paje and Jambiani. The capital is Stone Town in Unguja.
Before arriving in Zanzibar, you need to have a Tanzanian Visa. The easiest way to get a visa is on arrival at the airport. A yellow fever vaccination card is a must and will be asked at all entry points including the airport.
To protect yourself and your belonging while visiting the Best beaches in Zanzibar, we recommend that you get travel insurance before showing up.
Zanzibar has two seasons with rains. The longer rainy season lasts from March to May while the shorter rains come in November and December. You should think twice about visiting during the rainy months if your sole intention is to enjoy the beautiful beaches.
The monsoon winds get stronger during the rainy period. You can still enjoy the island during the short rain season because the rain isn’t intense (It rains for short periods and rarely in all parts of the islands).
Zanzibar has excellent accommodation facilities. The hotels range from luxury to simple budget options. The luxury hotels are of high quality with amazing views of the ocean.
Some of the hotel and lodges are so good that they may force you to postpone your departure date. Budget travelers and back parkers will also find countless hotels offering quality self-contained rooms facing the beach at good rates.
Despite a history of invasions, wars and takeovers, the island is relatively safe. Tanzania is said to be the most peaceful country to visit in Africa.

That said, it is important to remain cautious especially when moving with expensive electronic gadgets in crowded places. Avoid moving in the night and in places you are not familiar with. Most of the reported theft is said to be carried out by people who are not residents of the island.
Pickpockets normally target tourists who are careless enough to leave their cameras, laptops or phones unattended to while swimming in the ocean.
Because of its Muslim history, Zanzibar is a relatively conservative island. The women and men love to dress in standard Muslim clothing with beautiful fabrics. Try to dress decently and avoid very revealing dresses when away from the beach or your lodge.
Most arrivals and departures to Zanzibar occur at Stone Town. One can arrive by boat, ferry or plane from Dar es Salaam. The planes are more expensive and but fast taking only 20 minutes from Dar es Salaam, while speed boats take about two hours.
Although considered slow, the most thrilling experience is arriving by ferry from Dar es Salaam. The long journey will help you appreciate the sheer beauty of the Indian ocean.

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